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This day in history

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Whiskers
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Wed 04 Feb 2015, 17:00

Ceylon, later Sri Lanka, becomes an independent state 1948
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Thu 05 Feb 2015, 13:40

First edition of 'Reader's Digest' launched 1922
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Fri 06 Feb 2015, 15:35

Alan Shepard becomes the first man to hit a golf ball on the Moon during a two-day Moon walk from Apollo 14 1971
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Sun 08 Feb 2015, 10:53

Mary Queen of Scots beheaded 1587
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Mon 09 Feb 2015, 12:00

Two 10-year-old boys are charged with the abduction and murder of two-year-old James Bulger in Liverpool 1993
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Re: This day in history

Post by Kitkat on Mon 09 Feb 2015, 14:00

Hi Whiskers,
I am loving this thread  A1  - but a suggestion to perhaps make it a bit more interesting and maybe generate some discussion on the event in history that is being marked ....  :idea:  to accompany the daily headline with some kind of link to the event?

For example:
Whiskers wrote:Two 10-year-old boys are charged with the abduction and murder of two-year-old James Bulger in Liverpool  1993

A related link might be:  http://www.crimelibrary.com/notorious_murders/young/bulger/1.html
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Mon 09 Feb 2015, 19:59

I hear you KK and see what you mean. I know how you like to follow things through. But would it not be better if everyone just use their initiative and look up info for their self if they want to know more. study
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Whiskers
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Tue 10 Feb 2015, 15:12

France surrendered Canada to Great Britain  1763


Kitkat wrote:a suggestion to perhaps make it a bit more interesting and maybe generate some discussion on the event in history that is being marked ....  :idea:  to accompany the daily headline with some kind of link to the event?

peepdoor  

Link to the event -   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Paris_%281763%29

so there
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Re: This day in history

Post by Kitkat on Tue 10 Feb 2015, 19:21

Oh yes, Whiskers. :thumb:   That is exactly what I mean.  Without that link I wouldn't have given the event a second glance and would not have really known anything much about it.
Reading in there, however, just highlights and reminds us of the causes and reasons for all the fighting and disagreement, war and disruption throughout the world today.  As it ever was, so it continues .......

  • Sovereignty
  • Territory
  • Power
  • Boundaries
  • Religion
  • Control



The Treaty of Paris, also known as the Treaty of 1763, was signed on 10 February 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement, after Britain's victory over France and Spain during the Seven Years' War.

The signing of the treaty formally ended the Seven Years' War, known as the French and Indian War in the North American theatre, and marked the beginning of an era of British dominance outside Europe. The two nations returned much of the territory that they had each captured during the war, but Britain gained much of France's possessions in North America. Additionally, Britain agreed to protect Roman Catholicism in the New World.

Exchange of territories
During the war, Britain had conquered the French colonies of Canada, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Tobago, the French "factories" (trading posts) in India, the slave-trading station at Gorée, the Sénégal River and its settlements, and the Spanish colonies of Manila (in the Philippines) and Havana (in Cuba). France had captured Minorca and British trading posts in Sumatra, while Spain had captured the border fortress of Almeida in Portugal, and Colonia del Sacramento in South America. In the treaty, most of these territories were restored to their original owners. Britain however made considerable gains. France and Spain restored all their conquests to Britain and Portugal. Britain restored Manila and Havana to Spain, and Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Gorée, and the Indian factories to France. In return, France ceded Canada, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Tobago to Britain. France also ceded the eastern half of French Louisiana to Britain; that is, the area from the Mississippi River to the Appalachian Mountains. Spain ceded Florida to Britain. France had already secretly given Louisiana to Spain in the Treaty of Fontainebleau (1762). In addition, while France regained its factories in India, France recognized British clients as the rulers of key Indian native states, and pledged not to send troops to Bengal. Britain agreed to demolish its fortifications in British Honduras (now Belize), but retained a logwood-cutting colony there. Britain confirmed the right of its new subjects to practice Catholicism.

France ceded all of its territory in mainland North America, but retained fishing rights off Newfoundland and the two small islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, where it could dry that fish. In turn France gained the return of its sugar colony, Guadeloupe, which it considered more valuable than Canada. Voltaire had notoriously dismissed Canada as "Quelques arpents de neige", "Some acres of snow".


Canada question


  • British perspective

    While the war was fought all over the world, the British began the war over French possessions in North America. After a long debate in Britain of the relative merits of Guadeloupe, which produced £6 million a year in sugar, versus Canada which was expensive to keep, Britain decided to keep Canada for strategic reasons and return Guadeloupe to France. While the war had weakened France, it was still a European Power. British Prime Minister Lord Bute wanted a peace that would not aggravate France towards a second war. This explains why Britain agreed to return so much while being in such a strong position.

    Though the Protestant British feared Roman Catholics, Britain did not want to antagonize France through expulsion or forced conversion. Also, Britain did not want French settlers to leave Canada to strengthen other French settlements in North America. This explains Britain’s willingness to protect Roman Catholics living in Canada.

  • French perspective

    Unlike Lord Bute, the French Foreign Minister the Duke of Choiseul expected a return to war. However, France needed peace to rebuild. French diplomats believed that without France to keep the Americans in check, the colonists might attempt to revolt.  In Canada, France wanted open emigration for those who would not swear allegiance to the British Crown such as nobility. Lastly, France required protection for Roman Catholics in North America considering Britain’s ill attitudes towards Roman Catholics.



and so, on it goes ......................
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Wed 11 Feb 2015, 11:19

First weekly weather forecast published by Meteoroligical Office  1878
Margaret Thatcher becomes leader of the Tory party  1975

http://www.information-britain.co.uk/famdates.php?id=870
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Thu 12 Feb 2015, 13:23

Japan makes its first television broadcast–a baseball game 1931
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Sat 14 Feb 2015, 12:03

Bank of England nationalised 1946
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Sun 15 Feb 2015, 11:42

John Lennon passes his driving test  1965
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Mon 16 Feb 2015, 15:46

First British cheque written  1659

promising to pay Messrs Morris and Clayton “400 pounds only”.


http://instaroyal.co.uk/the-first-british-cheque-was-written-on-february-16-1659-promising-to/
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Re: This day in history

Post by Jamboree on Tue 17 Feb 2015, 05:00

Whiskers wrote:First British cheque written  1659

promising to pay Messrs Morris and Clayton “400 pounds only”.


http://instaroyal.co.uk/the-first-british-cheque-was-written-on-february-16-1659-promising-to/


And here it is in black & white (maybe faded a bit to a grey and brownish beige).

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Re: This day in history

Post by Kitkat on Tue 17 Feb 2015, 16:58

Jamboree wrote:
Whiskers wrote:First British cheque written  1659

promising to pay Messrs Morris and Clayton “400 pounds only”.


http://instaroyal.co.uk/the-first-british-cheque-was-written-on-february-16-1659-promising-to/


And here it is in black & white (maybe faded a bit to a grey and brownish beige).


Wow!  Is the original now held in a museum somewhere - or deep in the vaults of the Bank of Scotland?
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Wed 18 Feb 2015, 14:50

Yesterday 17 Feb --  Congestion charge introduced in London  2003


today 18 Feb --  US Astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovered the planet Pluto  1930
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Re: This day in history

Post by Kitkat on Wed 18 Feb 2015, 17:42

Hmmm ... Don't blame you for missing yesterday's (Congestion Charge), Whiskers.  We could well do with missing out on that one altogether.  angry
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Thu 19 Feb 2015, 11:33

Sorry KK.  giggle 

A better one for today.

John Glenn became first US Astronaut  1962

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Glenn


Embarassed  My mistake.  That happened on the 20th February, not the 19th.

This is what it should be for the 19th -

An agreement was signed by Britain, Turkey and Greece granting Cyprus its independence  (1959)
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Fri 20 Feb 2015, 14:41

Orkney and Shetland were pawned by Norway to Scotland in lieu of a dowry for Princess Margaret, daughter of Christian I, the King of Norway and Denmark. As the wife of King James III of Scotland she was the Queen Consort and the mother of the future King James IV of Scotland.  (1472)
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Sat 21 Feb 2015, 12:11

Identity cards abolished in Britain  1952
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Sun 22 Feb 2015, 09:34

"Dolly" the sheep successfully cloned  1997


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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Mon 23 Feb 2015, 14:44

Benito Mussolini founded the Italian Fascist Party in Italy 1919
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Tue 24 Feb 2015, 14:06

The Gregorian Calendar succeeded the Julian Calendar  1582


Huh?   wtfcat
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Re: This day in history

Post by Kitkat on Tue 24 Feb 2015, 15:31

Whiskers wrote:The Gregorian Calendar succeeded the Julian Calendar  1582


Huh?   wtfcat


History Of Our Calendar:


Before today’s Gregorian calendar was adopted, the older Julian calendar was used. It was admirably close to the actual length of the year, as it turns out, but the Julian calendar was not so perfect that it didn’t slowly shift off track over the following centuries. But, hundreds of years later, monks were the only ones with any free time for scholarly pursuits – and they were discouraged from thinking about the matter of "secular time" for any reason beyond figuring out when to observe Easter. In the Middle Ages, the study of the measure of time was first viewed as prying too deeply into God’s own affairs – and later thought of as a lowly, mechanical study, unworthy of serious contemplation.

As a result, it wasn’t until 1582, by which time Caesar’s calendar had drifted a full 10 days off course, that Pope Gregory XIII (1502 - 1585) finally reformed the Julian calendar. Ironically, by the time the Catholic church buckled under the weight of the scientific reasoning that pointed out the error, it had lost much of its power to implement the fix. Protestant tract writers responded to Gregory’s calendar by calling him the "Roman Antichrist" and claiming that its real purpose was to keep true Christians from worshiping on the correct days. The "new" calendar, as we know it today, was not adopted uniformly across Europe until well into the 18th century.

Here are a few more historical aspects of our calendar.


link  http://www.webexhibits.org/calendars/year-history.html
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Re: This day in history

Post by Whiskers on Wed 25 Feb 2015, 14:18

surprised   I just thought the calendar was the calendar. I know Moslems have a different calendar. First I knew about Julian and Gregorian. sidestep Cheers for that KK. It's all down to religion!

    Current date/time is Wed 19 Dec 2018, 15:44