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On this day in history ...

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Re: On this day in history ...

Post by Kitkat on Fri 07 Dec 2018, 20:28

Mary Toft Admits That She Did Not Really Give Birth to Rabbits

Toft, an english servant, had a bizarre 15 minutes of fame in 1726 when she convinced doctors that she had given birth to a litter of rabbits.  At age 25, Toft suffered a miscarriage.  About a month later, she appeared to go into labour and proceeded over the next few weeks to "birth" several animal parts along with nine baby bunnies.  The episode was attributed to a fascination with rabbits that Toft had developed during her pregnancy - until it was revealed to be a hoax.  How had she pulled it off?   More...





Hmmm - interesting to see what that site (The Free Encylopedia) considers the 'priority' news of any day in history. rabbit
Just as well we've got an alternative record listing some rather more meaningful news events of the day:


  • 2004 Hamid Karzai takes office

    The Afghan politician took office as the President of the Islamic Republic in Afghanistan's first direct democratic elections in history.
  • 1982 December Murders in Suriname

    Fifteen prominent Surinamese men were kidnapped and subsequently murdered over 3 days by the military government. The men were known to have criticized the military dictatorship.
  • 1941 Attack on Pearl Harbor

    The Imperial Japanese Navy attacked the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The attack was the impetus for the U.S.'s entry into World War II.
  • 1787 First state to ratify the U.S. Constitution

    Delaware became the first state to ratify the United States Constitution. Because of this, it is sometimes called the First State.
  • 1732 Royal Opera House opens its doors

    The popular performing arts venue in Covent Garden, London houses the Royal Opera and the Royal Ballet.
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On this day in history ... 8 December

Post by Kitkat on Sat 08 Dec 2018, 11:57

Shooter Opens Fire at Damageplan Concert, Killing Four

Not long after American heavy metal band Pantera disbanded and two of its founding members, brothers "Dimebag" Darrell and Vinnie Paul Abbott, formed the band Dmageplan, the group released its debut album.  Sadly, it would also be its last.  During a concert in Columbus, Ohio, later that year, former US Marine Nathan Gale went on a shooting rampage, killing Darrell along with a fan, a roadie, and a security guard before being fatally shot by a police officer.  Why did Gale do it?   More...





  • 1991 Belavezha Accords signed

    The Belavezha Accords, that disbanded the USSR and replaced it with Commonwealth of Independent States was signed
  • 1991 Romanian Constitution comes into force

    Passed through a referendum, the Constitution marked a return to democracy for Romania after 42 years of Communist rule.
  • 1991 Creation of Commonwealth of Independent States

    The international organization was formed by Belarus, Ukraine, and the Russian Federation as a political forum for members of the former Soviet Union.
  • 1987 First Intifada begins

    The Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian Territories began after an Israeli army truck attacked a car and killed 4 Palestinians. The Intifada ended in 1991 after the Madrid Conference.
  • 1941 U.S. enters WWII

    One day after the Japanese Imperial Navy launched an attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States declared war on Japan and entered World War II.
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9 December

Post by Kitkat on Sun 09 Dec 2018, 13:50

The Subsequent Nuremberg Trials:  Doctors' Trial Begins

The Doctors' Trial was the first of 12 post-World War II trials collectively called the "Subsequent Nuremberg Trials", which the US held in its occupation zone in Nuremberg, Germany.  Of the 23 defendants, 20 were medical doctors,and they faced charges for war crimes that included experimenting on human subjects without their consent.  The Nuremberg Code was thus established to protect the rights of humans participating in medical research.  How many of the defendants received death sentences?  More...





  • 1979 Smallpox declared eradicated

    The World Health Organization officially certified that after a number of concentrated vaccination campaigns around the world smallpox had been eradicated. Only two infectious diseases have been completely eradicated in history; the other is Rinderpest, which is an infectious disease of cattle that was eradicated in 2011.
  • 1965 Charlie Brown Christmas makes airs for the first time on television

    The popular animated musical special about Christmas was based on Charles M. Schulz's comic strip called Peanuts. The special was critically acclaimed as a telling commentary on the loss of the spirit of Christmas among Americans. It is now screened every year at Christmas time around the world.
  • 1961 Tanganyika gains independence

    The Republic of Tanganyika was administered by the British from 1916 until 1961. Part of German East Africa, the territory was officially handed over to the British by League of Nations mandate in 1922. The Republic was short-lived. In April 1964, it joined the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which became the United Republic of Tanzania in 1965.
  • 1960 First episode of Coronation Street airs

    The longest running TV soap opera, this British production follows the life of people living on Coronation Street, a fictional street in a fictional suburb of Manchester.
  • 1893 Auguste Vaillant bombs the French Chamber of Deputies

    Auguste Vaillant, a French anarchist, bombed the French Chamber of Deputies. No one was hurt in the attack, but Vaillant was sentenced and executed for his actions.
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10 December

Post by Kitkat on Mon 10 Dec 2018, 13:06

Imperial Japanese Navy Sinks Two British Warships

Japanese aggression in late 1941 prompted Britain to send two of their largest warships - HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse - to the Pacific as a deterrent. However, war in the Pacific escalated with the bombing of Pearl Harbour on December 7.  Three days later, Japanese forces destroyed the Prince of Wales and Repulse near Singapore.  The warships were the first sunk by aircraft while at sea.  How did British Prime Minister Winston Churchill react to the sinkings?  More...





  • 2007 Argentina swears in first female elected President

    Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner became the first elected female President of Argentina.
  • 2001 Release of the first film in the Lord of the Rings trilogy

    The award winning movie called The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring was directed by Peter Jackson and was based on J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings.
  • 1948 U.N. General Assembly adopts Universal Declaration of Human Rights

    The document proclaimed, for the first time, fundamental human rights were to be universally protected.
  • 1901 First Nobel prize awarded

    Five years after the death of Swedish chemist and inventor, Alfred Nobel's, the first Nobel Prizes were awarded.
  • 1817 Mississippi becomes 20th state

    Mississippi becomes the 20th state in the United States.
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11 December

Post by Kitkat on Tue 11 Dec 2018, 11:10

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Established

The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) - now the United Nations Children's Fund - was founded in 1946 for the purpose of providing relief to children in countries devastated by World War II.  After 1950, it turned to general children's welfare programs, winning the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1965.  Today, it focuses on areas in which relatively small expenditures can have a significant impact.  How did its famous "Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF" fundraising campaign begin?  More...





  • 2008 Bernard Madoff arrested

    Popularly known as Bernie Madoff, the founder and chairman of Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities LLC, was arrested and subsequently convicted of fraud. The Ponzi scheme he was involved in was the biggest such fraud in the history of the United States.
  • 1997 Kyoto Protocol adopted

    The Protocol is a part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, an international treaty that calls for the restriction of greenhouse gasses by the signatories. The United States signed the treaty but did not ratify it.
  • 1941 U.S. declares war on Germany and Italy

    The U.S. responded to Italy and Germany's declaration of war, by declaring war on the two countries.
  • 1936 King Edward VIII abdicates from the British throne

    King Edward VIII abdicated from the British throne to marry American Wallis Warfield Simpson.
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12 December

Post by Kitkat on Wed 12 Dec 2018, 16:13

Clapham Junction Rail Crash

Near London on the morning of December 12, 1988, the driver of the 7:18 train from Basingstoke to Waterloo saw a signal in front of him abruptly change from green to red.  He stopped his train and called the signalman, who told him to proceed.  Before he could, however, the 6:14 from Poole rammed into his train's rear at about 40 mph (64 km/h).  Then, an empty train travelling in the opposite direction hit the wreckage.  The crashes killed 35 and injured hundreds more.  What caused the signal failure?  More...





  • 2009 Houston gets openly gay mayor

    The city of Houston, Texas elected Anise Parker to become the largest city in the United States to have an openly gay mayor
  • 1969 Piazza Fontana bombing

    A bomb exploded at the building of the National Agrarian Bank, Milan, Italy, killing 17 people and injuring 88.
  • 1963 Kenyan independence

    Kenya declared its independence from the UK.
  • 1787 Pennsylvania becomes the second state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

    It was the first of the larger states to vote to ratify the document.
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13 December

Post by Kitkat on Thu 13 Dec 2018, 17:07

Council of Trent Convened

The Council of Trent made sweeping reforms to the Catholic Church over 18 years, eliminating many abuses criticized in the Protestant Reformation.  Convened by Pope Paul III at Trento, Italy - 28 years after Martin Luther issued his 95 Theses - the council fixed the canon of the Old and New Testaments, set the number of sacraments at seven, defined the nature of original sin, and confirmed the doctrine of transubstantiation.  How many years was it until the next ecumenical council?  More...





  • 2003 Saddam Hussein Captured

    Saddam Hussein, the fifth president of Iraq, was found hiding in a camouflaged hole in the ground and was captured by American forces near Tikrit, Iraq. The military operation that led to his capture was called Operation Red Dawn. He was subsequently handed over to the interim Iraqi government. After a trial where he was found guilty of crimes against humanity, he was executed 3 years after his capture in December 2006.
  • 2001 Attack on Indian parliament

    The Indian parliament, the Sansad, was attacked by terrorists. 15 people, including the terrorists were killed during the attack.
  • 1972 Last human landing on the Moon

    Apollo 17 was the last mission of the United States' Apollo lunar landing program. It was also the sixth and the last time humans landed on the Moon.
  • 1795 Meteorite crashes into Wold Newton in Yorkshire, England.

    Major Edward Topham owned the land where the meteorite crashed. He exhibited it later, and today it is in the Natural History Museum in London.
  • 1642 First European to Reach New Zealand

    Abel Tasman, a Dutch explorer and merchant, reached the coast of South Island in New Zealand, and named it Staten Landt. Tasman was also the first European in recorded history to step foot on Tasmania, an island state in Australia. Tasman claimed the island for the Dutch crown. It is named after him as well.
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14 December

Post by Kitkat on Sat 15 Dec 2018, 13:17

Oops!  Didn't get this one up in time on the day: (14th December)

USSR Expelled from the League of Nations

The League of Nations was an international confederation of countries created after World War I and disbanded following World War II when many of its functions were transferred to the United Nations.  The League collapsed when faced with threats to international peace from all sides in the 1930s, including the Spanish civil war, Japan's resumption of war against China, and the appeasement of Adolf Hitler at Munich.  Its last important act was to expel the Soviet Union in 1939 for doing what?  More...






  • 2012 Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting

    Adam Lanza shot and killed 20 children and 6 adults at the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut.
  • 1961 Tanzania joins the United Nations

    Tanzania was created as a merger of Tanganyika and the Zanzibar Archipelago, both of which were under British rule until independence.
  • 1958 Soviets Reach the Southern Pole of Inaccessibility

    A Pole of Inaccessibility is a location on Earth that is extremely difficult to access. In the North, it is the point in the Arctic Ocean that is farthest from land, while in the Southern Hemisphere it is the point farthest from the Southern Ocean on Antarctica. In 1958, a Soviet team led by Yevgeny Tolstikov became the first people in history to reach the Southern Pole of Inaccessibility, which is 546 miles (878 kilometers) from the geographic South Pole. Temperatures at this location averages around – 73 degree F (–58 degrees C).
  • 1939 USSR expelled from the League of Nations

    The Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations for making aggressive demands of Finland.
  • 1911 Roald Amundsen reaches South Pole

    Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen and his team reached the South Pole, becoming the first men in recorded history to set foot on the most southern point on Earth.



AND of course, not forgetting ...    On this day in history, I was born !
to me...
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15 December

Post by Kitkat on Sat 15 Dec 2018, 13:27

Billionaire's Grandson Found Alive - But Maimed - after Kidnapping

In 1973, 16-year-oldJohn Paul Getty III - grandson of oil tycoon J. Paul Getty - was kidnapped in Rome.  His family initially dismissed a $17-million ransom demand as a joke by the rebellious teen, but a second note convinced his father to ask J. Paul to pay it.  He refused.  The frustrated kidnappers then cut off John's ear and sent it along with a note saying he would "arrive in little pieces" if their demands were not met.  At this, the elder Getty relented, paying over $2 million on what condition?  More...





  • 2009 Maiden flight of Boeing 787 Dreamliner

    Considered to be one of Boeing's most fuel-efficient airplanes, the Boeing 787 Dreamliner has suffered from problems associated with its lithium-ion batteries.
  • 1978 US recognizes China

    30 years after the creation of the People's Republic of China, President Jimmy Carter announced that the United States would formally recognize the communist country starting January 1, 1979. The announcement also called for the severing of relations with Taiwan, a position that was quickly reversed under protests.
  • 1939 Premier of the Gone with the Wind

    The award winning film was adapted from the Pulitzer winner Margaret Mitchell's book by the same name.
  • 1933 Twenty-first Amendment to U.S. Constitution comes into effect

    Ratified on December 5 of the same year, the amendment repealed the prohibition on alcohol in the United States which had come into force on January 17, 1920, when the 18th amendment took effect.
  • 1791 U.S. Bill of Rights becomes law

    The first 10 amendments to the Constitution of the United States are known as the Bill of Rights. They became law after Virginia ratified the amendments.
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On this day in history : 17 December

Post by Kitkat on Mon 17 Dec 2018, 12:57

US Brigadier General James Dozier Kidnapped by Italian Terrorists

In 1981, US Brigadier General James Dozier was kidnapped from his apartment in Italy by men posing as plumbers.  The kidnappers were members of the Red Brigades, an extreme left-wing terrorist organization that sought to undermine the Italian state and pave the way for Marxist upheaval.  Dozier, who was serving as deputy chief of all staff at NATO's Southern European land forces headquarters in Verona, was the first American general ever abducted by a terrorist group.  How long was  he held captive? More...





  • 2010 Mohamed Bouazizi sets himself on fire

    The Tunisian street vendor self-immolated as a protest against the economic conditions in Tunisia. He died 18 days after at the age of 26. His protest and death were a catalyst for the Tunisian revolution and similar revolutions and protests around the Arab world.
  • 2010 The beginning of the Arab Spring

    The multi-country protests and demands for change in the Arab world are thought to have begun with street vendor Mohamed Bouazizi's self-immolation in Tunisia. Bouazizi's attempt and death 18 days later was the catalyst for the Tunisian Revolution which forced then-president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali to step down from his post.
  • 1989 First episode of The Simpsons aired

    The popular American animated series directed by Matt Groening is set in the fictional town of Springfield and it follows the life of the Simpson family.
  • 1903 First flight of the Wright Flyer

    The powered aircraft was made by the Wright brothers and was the first such aircraft to take flight.
  • 1790 Discovery of the Aztec calendar stone

    Also known as the Stone of the Five Eras, the sculpture was excavated in Mexico City.
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18 December

Post by Kitkat on Tue 18 Dec 2018, 21:24

Discovery of Piltdown Man Announced

In the early 20th centry, amateur archaeologist Charles Dawson announced thata fossilized skull belonging to a previously unknown species of prehistoric man had been found in Piltdown, England.  It took 40 years to definitely determine that the skull was not that of a priimitive hominid but rather a fakeconstructed from a human cranium and the jawbone of an ape.  The perpetrator of the hoax has never been identified, though many have fallen under suspicion, including what famous author?   More...





  • 1966 Saturn's Moon, Epimetheus, discovered

    One of Saturn's 150 natural satellites or moons, Epimetheus shares its orbit with another moon, Janus. Saturn's largest moon is Titan, which is the only natural satellite in the Solar System with an atmosphere.
  • 1958 World's first communication satellite launched

    A product of a highly secretive project, SCORE (Signal Communications by Orbiting Relay Equipment) was launched aboard the Atlas rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida. Once in orbit, it relayed the first message sent to Earth from space - a short statement by American President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
  • 1892 The Nutcracker makes it debut in St. Petersburg, Russia

    The two-part ballet was inspired by German author Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann's novella The Nutcracker and the Mouse King. Even though the ballet's score was composed by the famous Russian composer, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, it did not get good reviews. It was only in the mid-20th century, that The Nutcracker gained popularity among theater goers, especially during Christmas time in the United States.
  • 1865 Thirteenth Amendment to the US Constitution adopted

    The first of the 3 Reconstruction Amendments, the Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude. The other two Reconstruction Amendments – the Fourteenth and the Fifteenth Amendments – extended citizenship rights, equal protection of the law, and the right to vote to all Americans irrespective of their "race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
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19 December

Post by Kitkat on Wed 19 Dec 2018, 18:09

Operation Vijay:  India Annexes Daman and Diu

Spanning less than 50 square miles (130 sq km) on the coast of India, Daman and Diu became Portuguese colonies in the 16th century, along with the port of Goa.  After India gained independence from the UK in 1947, its government began working toward the return of all Indian colonies held by Portugal.  Portugal, however, violently suppressed peaceful Indian activists opposed to its continued rule.  After Indian forces invaded, how many days did it take for them to annex Daman and Diu?   More...





  • 2012 Election of First female President of South Korea

    Park Geun-hye is the eleventh President of South Korea and also holds the distinction of being the first female head of state in Northeast Asia. She assumed office in February 2013.
  • 1984 Hong Kong Treaty Signed

    Formally known as the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong, the Sino-British Treaty was signed by Zhao Ziyang of China and Margaret Thatcher of the United Kingdom in Beijing. The treaty decided the fate of Hong Kong as a territory of China from July 1, 1997.
  • 1972 Apollo 17 returns to Earth

    The last mission of the United States' Apollo program spent 12 days in space and was the first human spaceflight launched at night from the United States. The three-member crew spent more time orbiting the Moon and on the surface of the Moon than during any other Moon landings. It was also the last time humans set foot on Earth's only natural satellite.
  • 1971 A Clockwork Orange released

    The dystopian film was directed by Stanley Kubrick and was based on a novella of the same name by British author, Anthony Burgess. Based in a futuristic London, the film opened with critical acclaim, though the centrality of violence in it drew a lot of mainstream criticism. Today, the movie is considered to be one of the best movies of the 20th century.
  • 1886 Sherlock Holmes' The Adventure of Beryl Coronet begins on this date

    The short detective story written by Arthur Conan Doyle and featuring detective Sherlock Holmes and his friend and assistant Dr. Watson began on this date with the theft of 3 precious crystals from a coronet. The story is the 11th in a series of 12 stories contained in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
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20 December

Post by Kitkat on Thu 20 Dec 2018, 17:13

Tragedy at Sea:  MV Doña Paz Passenger Ferry Sinks

The passenger ferry MV Doña Paz was travelling along the Tablas Strait in the Philippines when it collided with the MT Vector, an oil tanker carrying 8,800 barrels of petroleum products.  The cargo ignited, causing a fire that spread onto the Doña Paz.  Survivors had to jump ship, and both vessels quickly sank in shark-infested waters.  The accident claimed over 4,000 lives, as the Doña Paz was grossly overcrowded.  How many passengers was it supposed to hold?  More...





  • 2007 Queen Elizabeth becomes the longest-living British monarch

    The previous longest living monarch - Queen Victoria - died on Jan 22, 1901, when she was 81 years, 7 months, and 29 days old. Queen Elizabeth, who was born on 21 April 1926, turned 81 years, 7 months and 30 days on this day.
  • 1999 Portuguese transfer sovereignty of Macau to China

    Portugal ruled over the special administrative region of China from the mid-16th century to 1999. Macau has a high degree of independence from China, and has control over its legal system, monetary system, and immigration policy.
  • 1989 United States' invasion of Panama begins

    Also known as Operation Just Cause, the invasion took place under the leadership of President George H. W. Bush and led to the deposing of the dictator, Manuel Noriega. The invasion ended on January 31, 1990.
  • 1973 Spanish Prime Minister Carrero Blanco assassinated

    A confidant of dictator Francisco Franco, Blanco was assassinated by the Basque nationalist and separatist group Euskadi Ta Askatasuna or ETA.
  • 1803 Louisiana Purchase completed

    The United States was officially handed over the territory of Louisiana by the French. The French had regained control of the territory that spans over 15 present-day states and 2 Canadian territories in 1800. In 1762, Spain had taken over the territory.
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23 December

Post by Kitkat on Sun 23 Dec 2018, 12:28

Festivus

The holiday of Festivus, celebrated on December 23, was popularized by an episode of the 1990s TV show Seinfeld.  Unfulfilled by the year-end holidays, character Frank Costanza invents Festivus "for the rest of us".  The centrepiece of Festivus is a plain, unadorned aluminium pole place in a bucket of cement.  One by one, attendees grab the pole and air their grievances, detailing how other people have disappointed them in the past year.  What happens after this gripe session?   More...





  • 1994 Organized crime boss Whitey Bulger goes into hiding

    The convicted murderer stayed out of sight for 16 years causing great embarrassment to the American Federal Bureau of Investigations. He was finally arrested in 2011.
  • 1990 Slovenian referendum on independence from Yugoslavia

    The Eastern European country had joined the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia as a socialist republic state in 1945. Actual independence for the country did not occur until June of 1991, when the Slovenians rejected Yugoslavian interference in the form of a 10-day war that ended on July 7, 1991. A new constitution for the country came into force on December 23, 1991.
  • 1975 Metric Conversion Act signed by U.S. President Gerald Ford

    The act made the metric system the preferred system of weights and measures in the United States. Today, the metric system is predominantly only used by scientists and academics in the U.S. Common people tend to follow the customary units that were developed before American Independence. The U.S. is 1 of 3 countries in the world that do not use the metric system. Liberia and Burma are the other two.
  • 1958 Tokyo Tower opened to the public

    At 333 meters tall, it is world's tallest, self-supported steel tower. It is based on the Eiffel Tower and is used for communication purposes.
  • 1888 Vincent van Gogh cuts off his ear

    It is now believed that the Dutch painter was suffering from a psychotic break at the time of the event. After cutting off his left ear, van Gogh bandaged his head and took the severed ear to a prostitute for safekeeping.
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Re: On this day in history ...

Post by Kitkat on Thu 27 Dec 2018, 09:50

Missed out on a few days there.  Can anyone fill in something for those days?  Two days actually - 24th and 25th December.




Did anyone even notice? surprised   Is anyone even interested in this thread? rock   Or am I just talking to myself?  wary    Oh well ...  shrug  I'll continue  .....
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26 December

Post by Kitkat on Thu 27 Dec 2018, 09:52

Largest Mass Execution in US History

Though the US government and the Sioux concluded several treaties during the first half of the 19th century, relations had deteriorated by 1862 when a Sioux uprising killed more than 800 white settlers and soldiers in Minnesota.  Military tribunals convicted 303 Sioux prisoners of murder and rape and sentenced them to death.  US President Abraham Lincoln commuted most sentences, but the public hanging of 38 prisoners was still the largest mass execution in US history.  What became of the bodies?  More





  • 2004 Massive tsunami causes damage and kills thousands in India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka and Thailand

    The tsunami was precipitated by a 9.1 magnitude earthquake off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. The earthquake was the third strongest earthquake ever measured using the Richter scale in recorded history. The other two were the Valdivia earthquake in Chile in 1960, with a magnitude of 9.5 and the Prince William Sound earthquake in Alaska in 1964, with a magnitude of 9.2. The Indian Ocean earthquake killed about 200,000 people and is considered one of the deadliest natural disasters in recent history.
  • 1982 The December issue of Times magazine proclaimed the personal computer as the "Man of the Year"

    The Man of the Year tradition began in 1927 at Time magazine as a way to identify and showcase those that influenced the year and its events significantly. In 1999, the feature was renamed Person of the Year.
  • 1966 First Kwanzaa celebrations

    The week-long cultural holiday is celebrated among African diaspora in the United States and was created by Maulana Karenga, a professor of Africana Studies and a key figure in the Black Power movement. The holiday is celebrated annually from December 26 to January 1, and it is a recognition of African culture and heritage.
  • 1941 Fourth Thursday of November set as Thanksgiving Day in the US

    The holiday has been celebrated officially in the United States since 1863. The first Thanksgiving is thought to have been observed by early settlers in the Massachusetts Bay Colony after their first harvest in 1621.
  • 1898 The Curies announce the existence of Radium

    The radioactive element has an atomic number of 88 and is known by the symbol Ra. In its pure form, it is a highly toxic element and is not used extensively for scientific purposes.
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27 December

Post by Kitkat on Thu 27 Dec 2018, 09:58

The Rome and Vienna Airport Attacks

Nearly three months after Israel's bombing of Palestine Liberation Organization headquarters in Tunisia, terrorists retaliated in two nearly simultaneous attacks at Europen airports.  At Leonarda da Vinci Airport in Rome, Italy, gunmen opened fire and threw grenades at the Israeli airline's ticket counter, while at an airport in Vienna, Austria, terrorists threw grenades into a crowd awaiting a flight to Tel Aviv.  In all, 19 people were killed and more than 10 hurt.  Who claimed responsibility?  More...





  • 2007 Benazir Bhutto assassinated

    The former Prime Minister of Pakistan was killed after a shooting and the detonation of a suicide bomb while campaigning for the upcoming elections in Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
  • 1949 Indonesian Independence

    The Southeast Asian country's independence came after 4 years of revolution and struggle. In August 1945, Sukarno signed the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence, which was formally accepted and recognized by the Dutch in 1949.
  • 1918 Greater Poland Uprising of 1918–1919 begins

    The revolt against the Germans began in Poznań after a speech by the Polish Prime Minster, Ignacy Paderewski. The uprising led to newer territory being added to Poland in the Treaty of Versailles.
  • 1845 Anesthesia used for the first time for childbirth

    Dr. Crawford W. Long, an American physician, gave ether to his wife during the birth of their second child. The event revolutionalized the use of anesthesia in medicine and surgery.
  • 1831 Charles Darwin begins his journey on the HMS Beagle

    It was during this 5-year long voyage that the English naturalist worked on his Theory of Evolution. He published the evidence supporting it in his 1859 book, On the Origin of Species.
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28 December

Post by Kitkat on Fri 28 Dec 2018, 18:38

The Messina Earthquake

Messina is a busy seaport and commercial center in northeastern Sicily, Italy, opposite the Italian mainland.  On the morning of December 28, 1908, a magnitude 7.1 earthquake hit Messina, followed by a 40-foot (12-meter) tsunami.  About 80,000 people were killed, and at least 90 percent of Messina's buildings, including its churches and palaces, were destroyed.  Afterward, the city was completely rebuilt under standards for quake-resistant construction.  What happened to the survivors?  More





  • 2007 Nepal abolishes monarchy

    The amendment to the Nepalese constitution that declared the country a federal republic was passed by the parliament. The transition was completed on May 28, 2008. Established in 1768 by Prithvi Narayan Shah, the Kingdom of Nepal lasted for over 200 years. Nepal is the world's only country with Hinduism as the state religion.
  • 1972 Kim il Sung becomes first president of North Korea

    Kim Il-sung became the first and only president of South Korea under an amended constitution. He was elected to the post by the members of the North Korean parliament, which is also known as the Supreme People's Assembly. The post was abolished in 1998, and Kim II-sung was given the title of Eternal President of Korea.
  • 1968 Israel raid on Beirut Airport

    The Israeli Defence Forces mounted a special operation, also known as Operation Gift, on Beirut Airport. The raid was in retaliation to the attack on El Al Flight 253, which was en route from Tel Aviv to New York. During its layover in Athens, Greece, two Palestinians fired at passengers and crew and killed 1 person. In retaliation, Israel destroyed several passenger and cargo planes parked at Beirut Airport. There were no fatalities during the raid.
  • 1885 Indian National Congress founded

    The party is one of the two main political parties in India. Created by the members of the Theosophical Society, the party was a major player in India's independence movement against the British. After Independence, the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru belonged to the INC.
  • 1836 South Australia becomes a British colony

    The central southern state of Australia was first established as a province in 1834 by the British Parliament under the South Australia Act. The day was observed as Proclamation Day in the state, which was later turned into an extra holiday after Christmas Day.
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29 December

Post by Kitkat on Sat 29 Dec 2018, 18:36

Ashtabula River Railroad Disaster

As the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway train plowed ahead through deep snow on December 29, 1876, a bridge over Ohio's Ashtabula River fractured with a loud crack, plunging every train car except the lead engine into the river about 70 ft (21 m) below.  The wooden cars, equipped with kerosene lamps and stoves, became an inferno.  Ninety-two people died, many burned beyond recognition. The accident initiated the standardization of bridge inspection.  What became of the bridge's designers?  More...





  • 1996 Guatemalan civil war comes to an end

    The 36-year long civil war fought between several leftist groups representing the indigenous people and poor and the government came to an end after Comandante Rolando Morán of the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity and president Álvaro Arzú signed a peace treaty under the supervision of the UN. Morán and Arzú received the Nobel Peace Prize for their role in bringing peace to the country.
  • 1937 Ireland established

    A new constitution, established by a national referendum, changed the name of the Irish Free state to Ireland. The Irish Free State was a part of the British Commonwealth and was established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty singed in 1921.
  • 1916 A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man published

    The first novel of Irish writer, James Joyce, the book follows the life of Stephen Dedalus, who many believe was the author's alter ego. It first came out as a series in the literary magazine, The Egoist and was then published by American publisher B. W. Huebsch. James Joyce is best known for his book Ulysses, which is about a single day in the life of advertising agent, Leopold Bloom. In honor of the book, fans of the author celebrate an unofficial holiday, Bloomsday on June 16.
  • 1911 Mongolian Independence

    The landlocked North East Asian country declared its independence from the Qing Dynasty, after the Mongolian Revolution of 1911. The country had been under the Qing rule for about 200 years.
  • 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre

    On this day, the U.S. Army’s 7th Cavalry tried to disarm the members of the Lakota tribe who were camped at the Wounded Knee Creek. During their attempt, a shot was fired and the cavalry massacred over 150 members of the tribe including women and children. Many historians believe that the number of people massacred was much higher. Wounded Knee is near present day Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in the state of South Dakota
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Re: On this day in history ...

Post by Kitkat on Sun 30 Dec 2018, 15:09

The Iroquois Theatre Fire

Billed as "absolutely fireproof", Chicago's Iroquois Theatre was filled with mostly women and children - out of school for the holidays - for a matinée on December 30, 1903, when a curtain caught fire.  One actor tried calming the audience, but panic spread.  Many escape routes were unmarked, and a stampede ensued.  As people fled, the cold air they let in fed the inferno.  More than 575 people died - a death toll more than double that of the famed 1871 Chicago Fire.  What show had packed the theatre?  More





  • 2011 Samoa and Tokelau skipped December 30

    The South Pacific Ocean Islands changed their time zone and move west of the international dateline to align their time zone with their major trading partners, Australia and New Zealand. In doing so, they skipped December 30 and moved directly from December 29 to December 31. 119 years ago, Samoa had made a similar shift, eastwards of the dateline, to synchronize its time with the United States. Today, Samoa follows West Samoa Time, which is 13 hours ahead of UTC.
  • 2006 Saddam Hussein executed

    The deposed president of Iraq was hanged after he was found guilty of crimes against humanity. Hussein was the fifth president of Iraq and came to power after a coup in 1968.
  • 2004 Highest barometric pressure recorded

    At 2 am local time, the atmospheric pressure in Tosontsengel, Mongolia rose to 846.5 hPa (adjusted for height above sea level).
  • 1995 Lowest temperature ever recored in the UK

    Altnaharra, a small hamlet in northern Scotland, recorded a temperature of −27.2°C (-16.96 degrees Fahrenheit). The temperature had dipped this low once before in the UK - in Braemar, East Scotland on January 10, 1982
  • 1947 Last king of Romania steps down

    Michael I was forced to abdicate by the Communist Party of Romania. His first reign over the country was in 1927 as a 6-year old, and it lasted only 3 years until 1930. He was then reinstalled in 1940.
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Re: On this day in history ...

Post by Jamboree on Wed 02 Jan 2019, 05:13

This Day in History no longer renews to current day. Is that because of the new year?
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2 January

Post by Kitkat on Wed 02 Jan 2019, 20:50

Jamboree wrote:This Day in History no longer renews to current day.  Is that because of the new year?  
Partly, Jamboree.  After all, 1st January is a holiday - a day of rest and recuperation for most.  Wink



Discovery of the Planet Vulcan Is Announced

To account for inconsistencies between Mercury's predicted and observed orbital path, French astronomer Urbain Jean Joseph Leverrier postulated that a tiny, hypothetical planet, which he named Vulcan, was present within Mercury's orbit.   Sightings of Vulcan were reported until 1878, and Leverrier died believing he had discovered another planet.
Eventually, however, the orbital anomalies were explained by Einstein's general theory of relativity.  After what was the hypothetical planet named?  More





  • 1981 The “Yorkshire Ripper” is caught

    Peter Sutcliffe confessed to murdering 13 women and was sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • 1971 66 football fans die in the Ibrox disaster

    Over 200 people were injured in the crush, which occurred at the end of an association football game between the Glasgow-based clubs, Rangers, and Celtic, at Ibrox Park.
  • 1967 Ronald Reagan is sworn in as Governor of California

    Reagan became the 40th U.S. president in 1981.
  • 1959 Luna 1 is launched

    The Soviet spacecraft was the first to reach the vicinity of the moon and orbit the sun.
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Re: On this day in history ...

Post by Kitkat on Thu 03 Jan 2019, 10:14

March of Dimes Established by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt

The March of Dimes is a US charity whose mission is to improve the health of babies.  It was founded with the goal of eradicating polio, one of the most dreaded diseases of the 20th century, during the tenure of President Roosevelt, who himself contracted what was thought to be polio in 1921.  The national, nonpartisan organisation initially raised funds for research by urging the public to contribute a dime to the effort and came to be called the March of Dimes, but its original name was what?   More...





  • 1994 Millions of people from the former Apartheid Homelands gain South African citizenship

    The apartheid regime had stripped the black inhabitants of the right to citizenship to ensure a white majority of the de jure population.
  • 1993 The second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START II) is signed

    The U.S.A. and Russia agreed to reduce the number of nuclear warheads by about 3,000.
  • 1961 The United States breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba

    In April 1961, the U.S. government launched an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the Cuban government by invading the country at the bay of pigs.
  • 1959 Alaska becomes the 49th U.S. state

    The territory had been bought from Russia in 1867 for a mere $7.2 million.
  • 1957 The first electric watch is available

    The Hamilton Electric 500 came in “modern” asymmetrical designs to reflect the revolutionary technology.
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On this day in history ... 4 January

Post by Kitkat on Fri 04 Jan 2019, 11:26

Sofia Liberated from Ottoman Rule

Sofia was established as a Thracian settlement around the 8th century BCE and has since developed into a major world city and the capital of Bulgaria, due in part to its central position in the Balkans.  Today it is home to attractions like the 6th century Church of St. Sofia and 15th century Banya Bashi mosque.  During its long history, the city passed through the hands of the Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman empires.  After nearly 500 years of Turkish rule, Sophia was liberated by what country?   More...





  • 2010 Burj Khalifa is opened

    Burj Khalifa in Dubai is currently the world's tallest building, at 829.8 m (2,722 ft).
  • 1958 Sputnik 1 falls to Earth from orbit

    The Soviet Union was the first nation to send an artificial Earth satellite into space.
  • 1948 Burma gains independence from the United Kingdom

    Burma (Myanmar) came under British rule on January 1, 1886.
  • 1896 Utah becomes the 45th state of the U.S.A.

    One condition for statehood was that a ban on polygamy had to be written into the state constitution.
  • 1847 Samuel Colt sells his first revolver

    Captain Samuel Walker of the Texas Rangers placed an order for 1000 revolver pistols after having witnessed their devastating effect.
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5 January

Post by Kitkat on Sat 05 Jan 2019, 14:00

Louis XV of France Survives Assassination Attempt

Louis XV was king of France  from 1715 to  1774.  An orphan from age three, Louis succeeded to the throne upon the death of his great-grandfather Louis XIV, under the regency of the duke of Orléans.  In 1757, the unpopular king was stabbed in the side by Robert Damiens. Convinced he was dying, Louis called for a confessor and begged his wife to forgive his infidelities.  The small blade had, however, done little damage, and the king survived.  How did Voltaire  mock the king's allegedly shallow wound?  More...





  • 2005 The solar system's largest known dwarf planet is discovered

    The discovery of “Eris” ultimately lead to the International Astronomical Union (IAU) downgrading Pluto, which has roughly the same size, to a dwarf planet.
  • 1993 The oil tanker MV Braer runs aground on the coast of the Shetland Islands

    The oil tanker spilled twice as much crude oil as the Exxon Valdez in 1989.
  • 1968 The Prague Spring begins

    The period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia began with the election of Alexander Dubček as the country's leader.
  • 1933 Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins

    The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco is one of the best-known symbols of the United States.
  • 1895 Alfred Dreyfus is sentenced to life imprisonment

    The French artillery officer was accused of treason. He was later exonerated.
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6 January

Post by Kitkat on Sun 06 Jan 2019, 09:00

Maria Montessori Opens Her First School

Montessori was an educator and the first woman to receive a medical degree in Italy.  While working in a clinic for mentally disabled children, she developed a method of teaching that involves immersing children in an environment filled with "learning games" that naturally motivate learning and allow them to develop at their own pace.  She opened her first children's school in 1907 and spent the next 40 years traveling and promoting her method.  How many times was she nominated for the Nobel Prize?  More...





  • 1970 The Wiener Musikverein is inaugurated

    The famous concert hall is the home of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra.
  • 1929 Mother Theresa arrives in India

    Through her tireless work in helping the poor and ill, the Albanian religious sister later received the Nobel Peace Prize and was posthumously beatified.
  • 1912 German scientist Alfred Wegener presents his theory of continental drift

    His work laid the foundation for the theory of plate tectonics, which explains why continents move.
  • 1838 Samuel Morse presents the telegraph to the public

    Together with Alfred Vail, the inventor relayed the message “A patient waiter is no loser” over a distance of 2 miles (3 km).

    Current date/time is Wed 23 Jan 2019, 02:43